A. Write as Ginseng, Read as ‘Sim’!
The word ‘Ginseng’ is widely known today, but Korean genuine Ginseng has another pretty name called ‘Sim’. The name ‘Sim’ was used from old times, as it is even appeared in the medical book published in 1400s during the Chosun Dynasty.
A. Of course Ginseng is from Korea!
The hometown of Ginseng is Korea, but Ginseng is first introduced by literatures in China. This is the reason why people think China as the origin or Ginseng. However, considering the climate or geological characteristics, Ginseng may only be grown in the Korean Peninsula and some region in Manchu. It is somewhat doubted that Chinese first discovered the Ginseng and used it as medicine. We can also notice from historical dramas how Chinese were greedy for our Ginseng. It is not logical to say that the Korean Peninsula is not the origin of the Ginseng.
A. Grade and effect is different based on the origin.In Korea and Japan, Ginseng is the root of araliaceous Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) with the thin root and cork layers removed. There are 10 or more types of plants in this kind globally. Among them, Goryeo Ginseng, called as Gin-insam, planted in Korea was popular for the best medicine. It was also considered as medicinal herb given by God, called as divine or sacred herb. Recently, ginseng with the scientific name of Panax quinquefolius L is started to be planted in China. This is western ginseng or tienchi seng. Ginseng harvested in Japan resembles the root of bamboo. It has totally different remedial effect with ‘Ginseng’, so be careful!
|Name (Scientific)||Number of Leaves||Root Morphology||Origin|
|Korea Ginseng||5||Human-like||Korea, Manchu|
|Western seng||5||Conical||Korea, Manchu|
|Tienchi seng||5~7||Small carrot||East of North America|
|Bamboo Ginseng||5||Bamboo root||China Yunnan|
|3-Leaves Ginseng||3||Sphere||East of North America|
|Himalayan Ginseng||5||Spherical root||Nepal|